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open cognition & education

15 December 2017 @ 2:00 pm - 5:00 pm

Education is going through major changes, thanks to the inputs of open science and cognitive science. This seminar aims at articulating and describing such changes by providing attendees with a combined understanding of open science and cognitive science.

Cognitive science will be described through its philosophy, history and methods, with bits of clinics, endocrinology and neuroanatomy (and, following students’ choice, we can also discuss parasitology, gut ecosystem, evolutionary psychology, ethnology, artificial intelligence…).

Open Science will be described through its philosophy and various modalities of citizens’ involvement in the scientific research process. From the conception of the project to the diffusion of its results, how people could contribute to this project? What are the bases of open license, the use of open file formats to exchange or diffuse knowledge, and finally, open used and produced data? Citizens can be involved as observers, as funders, by identifying images or/and analyzing data, or by providing data themselves. This allows for the democratization of science, and it is also linked to stakeholders’ engagement and public participation.

Dr. Proust 15:00 à 16:30

Metacognitive diversity and education

Joëlle Proust (Institut Jean-Nicod, Ecole Normale Supérieure)

“Metacognition” refers to the processes that control and monitor cognitive tasks, such as discriminating a shape, remembering a name, or learning a material. Metacognitive control is involved in selecting the tasks to engage in or disengage from. Metacognitive monitoring is provided by activity-dependent feelings (such as the feeling that one knows the answer to a question), which evaluate the predicted or observed outcome of their current task. Although all humans have these abilities, labour organization and local practices such as childrearing style, communication style, and educational framework, tend to encourage different goals and evaluative patterns. For example, religious and traditional societies expect students to form consensual beliefs or reproduce traditional models ;  industrial societies rather expect students to use evidence to critically form novel true beliefs. We will examine the challenges that metacognitive diversity generates for educational methods.

Indicative bibliography:
“Mon cerveau, ce héros – mythes et réalité” by Elena Pasquinelli
Any books by Oliver Sacks constitute good intro.
This entire website:
http://lecerveau.mcgill.ca/
http://linkrbrain.org/
Giovanni Destro Bisol et al. “Perspectives on Open Science and scientific data sharing: an interdisciplinary workshop”. Journal of Anthropological Sciences. Vol. 92 (2014), pp. 179-200.

Organized by Fabienne Cazalis & Salma Mesmoudi

Special guest: Joelle Proust

Image : 123RF/neyro2008

Details

Date:
15 December 2017
Time:
2:00 pm - 5:00 pm
Event Categories:
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Venue

ISC-PIF
113 rue Nationale
Paris, Paris 75013 France
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Website:
www.iscpif.fr