WHAT’S WRONG WITH SCIENCE ?
Modeling the collective discovery processes with the Nobel Game
David Chavalarias (CAMS/EHESS & ISC-PIF/CNRS)
There is an increasing pressure on scholars to publish to further or sustain a career in academia. Governments and funding agencies are greedy of indicators based on scientific production to measure science output. But what exactly do we know about the relation between publication levels and advances in science ? How do social dynamics and norms interfere with the quality of the scientific production ? Are there different regimes of scientific dynamics ? The present study proposes some concepts to think about scientific dynamics, through the modeling of the relation between science policies and scholars’ exploration-exploitation dilemmas. Passing, we analyze in detail the effects of the ” publish or perish ” policy, that turns out to have no significant effects in the developments of emerging scientific fields, while having detrimental impacts on the quality of the production of mature fields.
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The two versions of this paper are :
- Pre-print from HAL Arxiv (open access)
- Scientometrics paper (Aug. 2016, 10.1007/s11192-016-2109-9)
CNRS permanent researcher, Centre d’Analyses de Mathématiques Sociales (CAMS), Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS)
Director of the Complex Systems Institute of Paris Ile-de-France
Normalien (maths-info), docteur de l’Ecole Polytechnique.
Mail: david.chavalarias guess_what iscpif ? fr
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